Comenius

Comenius
Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP)

Wednesday, 19 March 2014

CATALONIAN NATIONALISM

The root of the idea of Catalonian nationalism is Catalanism, born in 1830 (the same time as romanticism, what explains the exaltation of feelings, in this case nationalism and love to the mother land and the importance of language and its recognition), and defined as “The exaltation of the national feeling, the recognition, by Catalonians, of the Catalonian Land and the doctrine that fights for the political claims of Catalonia”, and based on the proudness on Catalonian language, traditions and customs.


Based on this movement, nationalism was born, but with two different currents.
On one hand, there were the republican progressives. One of the main figures was Valentí Almirall, who wrote with other liberal the “Memorial de Greuges” in 1885 and sent it to Alfonso XII, denouncing the oppression of Catalonia by Castille and claimed for Catalonian to be recognised as a language. Before, Francisco Pi Margall had claimed in “Las Nacionalidades” that nationalism was a natural feeling that came spontaneously from within the human itself, and with his Federal Party proposed a Catalonian State inside the spanish Federation, a “second grade nation”, something similar as in the United States, but he was considered more a federalist than a nationalist.
Then there was the conservatives, the ones who used to be carlists. All them formed the Unió Catalanista, where the important figures were Lluis Domenech, Joan Josep Permanyer, Àngel Guimera, Antoni-Maria Gallisà. They wrote “Bases de Manresa”, which set the bases for the future autonomy of Catalonia. Catalonia would separe its legislative (King and regional assembly), executive (five ministeries) and juditial (supreme tribunal). They defended an antiliberal, catholic position. It was presented to the Catalonian authorities.

CELIA VALVERDE

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