Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP)

Wednesday, 19 March 2014


The conflict begun on June 17th, 1936,  with the rise of the army led by General Mola and Franco, who moved from the Spanish Morocco to take charge of military operations.
One day what was most feared finally occured. Rumors finally became true; the Spanish Civil War was starting.

People in the cities knew the start of the war one or two days after the uprising in Morocco against the second republic thanks to newspapers, radios, or just colleagues and neighbors.  15 weeks later, Madrid, the capital of the republic, become the firing line. In villages this was different. They knew about the war weeks later because there information didn’t arrive as fast as in cities.

During the war poverty and hunger increased. Food was very scarce and ration cards didn’t arrive to all places and lands could not be plowed. People did many atrocities if we think about it right now. For example, families that had cats ate them because they needed to survive.

People knew about how the war was developing thanks to the famous “Parte de Guerra” (the war report). Many people met and heard it in the radio. People in villages that didn’t have radios had to travel to the nearest village with radio for hear how everything was going. This was a very dangerous thing to do because of people who fought. In other places, as is the case of Arganda, a person in charge risked his life going in motorbike to all villages in the area.

Even during the war, children continued playing and being happy. They played many different games, like “rescate” or “las chapas” (game of throwing bottle tops), with the skipping rope, they sang songs, and many other games like the famous puss in the corner. Boys even play pretending they were soldiers in war. Boys and girls saw the war as something normal, they were not really afraid about what was happening. They played and when they heard the planes they run to their shelters.

Finally, one day, the surviving soldiers started coming home. On March 18th people could hear in the radio that war in Madrid was over, trenches were eventually abandoned.

As people from that time say, war is not a good thing, both sides suffer and many people are killed. Even though at that time they lived with optimism and faith, which is something that you should never loose.


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