Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP)

Wednesday, 5 March 2014


In 1931, Spain had just established the Second Republic, but there were some people that disagreed with this new republican regime and the new rules that came with it. Among these people was the general of the Spanish Civil Guard, José Sanjurjo Sacanell, who had recently been displaced from that position by the president Manuel Azaña. His disagreement, in addition to his displacement, was the reasons for him to have the idea of a military coup.

At the beginning of 1932, he recruited a group of people (from carlists and alfonsists to aristocrats and financials) that did not agree with the regime and he prepared them to make the military coup in Seville and in the capital city. The 10 of august he decided to start the rebellion. He succeeded in Seville, where he got the control, but in Madrid it was an absolute failure. The president Manuel and the government already know the action thanks to a person who betrayed them. They were arrested after a short conflict and the participants in Seville, after noticing the failure, declared a general strike. In the battle died 10 people and the majority were allies of Sanjurjo. José, after seeing the disaster, tried to escape to Portugal but he was caught in Huelva. Although he was first sentenced to death, he was only exiled to Portugal and, when he was going to come years later to help the rebels, he died in a plane accident.

This intention of military coup was an important aid to the successful one in 1936 by the General Franco because it made the government of the republic to relax and think that rebels would not going to try it again, and they were wrong.


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