Comenius

Comenius
Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP)

Tuesday, 18 March 2014

SPANISH CONSTITUTION OF 1812

  
This constitution has a nickname, it is "La Pepa" because it was signed the 19 of March. "La Pepa" became a democratic myth that influenced others European constitutions, and this have an influence in the constitutional bases of the American states after the independence.

"La Pepa" was the first Spanish constitution that established popular sovereignty, separation of powers and freedom of expression and press.  


After the coronation of Napoleon and the defeat at the Trafalgar Battle Carlos IV was to weak that the 19 March 1808 there was a popular uprising organized by the fraction of the party of the Prince of Asturias Court, this forced Carlos IV to abdicate and give his title to his son Fernando VII but he had to abdicate to Napoleon, who gave the thrown to his bother, José Bonaparte, this period is called the Bayonne Abdications.
All this caused a general discontent in Spain that exploit the 2nd May 1808,the War of Independence of Spain broke out, it last between 1808 and 1814.
Spain was fighting for his independence, he asked for help to the British and this had a big impact on the resolution of the war. The Valencay Treaty was signed on December 1813, in which said French troops had to leave Spain and the thrown was again for Fernando VII.


Fernando VII planed his return to Spain, he returned the 22 March 1814 "La Pepa" was still the Spanish Constitution but finally in 4 May 1814 he abolished this constitution and he restored absolutism.
ROBERTO VIDAL BUENO 

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