Comenius

Comenius
Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP)

Friday, 7 March 2014

THE 1898 DISASTER

In 1898, United States declared war to Spain with the intention of taking the control of Cuba and the Spanish colonies in the Caribbean Sea and the Philippines Islands. United States proposed Spain to sell Cuba for a certain quantity of money buys the Spanish government although knowing that United States was more powerful rejected the offer.

Almost all the Spanish society thought that they sere going to win and the newspapers started to be full of satirical drawings against the Americans.

The reality was quite different, Jose Marti, who was the founder of the revolutionary party in Cuba and was the main motor to the war for the independence of Cuba. In one of the conflicts he died and United States started to be in favor of the independents.

Meanwhile, this made changes in the Spanish government. The liberalist Sagasta resigned and the conservative Canovas replace him. They tried to look for peace by an agreement but it was impossible.


The independence war was in process and it was based in unexpected attacks were the Cubans had the advantage of the climate and the well knowledge of the area.

Weyler’s cruel repression and economic interest led to United States to intervene in the Cuban conflict. Canovas was assassinated and Sagasta dismissed Weyler.

The American battleship, USS Maine, exploited mysteriously in the Havana harbor. This accelerated the war.

Part of the army was send to Cuba and other part to The Philippines islands. They fought in the Atlantic (Cuba and Puerto Rico) and in the Pacific (The Philippine Islands). The Spanish navy was easily defeated.

They signed the Treaty of Paris by which our country lost Cuba, Puerto Rico and The Philippine Islands.

The consequences of this “disaster” were a high number of victims who had to got o war because they were from a low social class and the couldn’t pay, led to the restoration crisis and we lost our power so we started to be a secondary world power.

ITZIAR DOMINGUEZ 

No comments :

Post a Comment