Comenius

Comenius
Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP)

Thursday, 6 March 2014

THE BOMBING OF GUERNICA
(Operation Rügen)


On April 26th, 1937, Guernica (Biscay), a town of less than 5,000 inhabitants, would become a tragic symbol of the history of Spain and one of the most controversial and painful of the Civil War. That afternoon, the German aviation service of General Franco, the Condor Legion, demolished the Biscayan town through a cruel bombardment.

The action was part of the offensive from the Northern Front that Franco had been launched with the aim of occupying the Basque country, Cantabria and Asturias, leaded by General Emilio Mola.

Guernica became a special fact opposite to other bombings because it was very wild and incendiary bombs were used against the civil population.



The propaganda battle started, while the Chronicle of the correspondent of The Times in Bilbao told the catastrophe of the national aviation. Seville ABC blamed the burning of the city to a stratagem of the same Republicans, ready to not leave anything standing before the unstoppable national progress in the Northern Front.


In foreign countries the information about the bombing, made many democrats to remove their support to General Franco and the national side. The Spanish painter Pablo Picasso was very disturbed about that event, so weeks later, he created his world famous painting called ´Guernica´.
NOELIA SEGURA YUSTE

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