Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP)

Wednesday, 19 March 2014


The crisis of 98 represents the beginning of the crisis of the restoration. Germany, with Bismarck as Chancellor, leads the continent, France lives the third Republic and Great Britain was Victorian. Spain lost much of its imperial glory with the independence of the American colonies at the beginning of the century. During the reign of Isabel II, she designed a new policy with military interventions around the world, which include Chile, Peru, Morocco or Indochina, but this policy was limited during the restoration, except in the North of Morocco and, especially, in the remains of the Spanish Empire: Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines and other possessions in the Pacific. 

The Cuban and Philippine independence movement against the Spanish increased with the American intervention, which finished in a war between Spain and the United States (1898) that ended in quick disaster: Spain woke up his imperial dream but faced it harsh political, social and economic reality. For Spain the defeat and the lost of the colonies, affected the Spanish people who fell in a crisis of consciousness. This had a big repercussion. About the military was recognized that it was useless for the foreign policy. Santiago Ramón y Cajal, who was a doctor in the war of Cuba, said that more people died because of diseases comparing it with the deaths by combat. Economically, the largest market of Spanish manufactures and imports disappeared.      


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