Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP)

Wednesday, 19 March 2014

                    TRAFALGAR BATTLE

The Trafalgar Battle was a naval battle in 1805, during the Napoleonic War, between the British army (Horatio Nelson) against the French (Charles Villeneuve) and the Spanish army (Federico Gravina).It took place in the Cape of Trafalgar, In Cadiz.

In 1805, Napoleon secretly left Italy and he went to Boulogne, where his “Grande Armee” waited to invade England through the Channel. Napoleon sent only the Admiral Villeneuve to lead the French and Spanish troops. England sent the Admiral Nelson.
On the 19th October of that year, the HMS Mars (a British ship) relayed the signal received from the frigates that the enemy Fleet was living Cadiz in line of battle. Two days later, on the 21th October 1805, the battle started. Nelson divided his smaller army in two columns, perpendicularly to the enemy fleet. Thanks to this strategy, England won the war. Twenty seven British ships faced thirty three French-Spanish ships. At the end of the war, the British army did not lose any ships; meanwhile the French-Spanish army lost twenty two ships. At the end of the battle, Nelson died, but he became one of the greatest heroes of war in England. He was buried in ST Paul Cathedral, in London. Admiral Villeneuve was caught on his ship, and he was taken as a prisoner to England. After several weeks staying there, he was sent to Paris, but he was killed on his way to Paris.

This victory showed to everyone the naval power of England, which had established during previous centuries.

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